The Future of World Energy
While the future of world energy is still unclear, some countries have taken bold steps toward clean energy production. In China, for example, authorities are moving to phase out coal in their energy mix. This move is partially a result of investment in new energy capacity and partly a result of increased efficiency. These new efforts are encouraging.
Some of these efforts have a definite timeframe and framework. For instance, the IEA’s ‘bridge’ scenario is a possible future where energy efficiency, innovation, and technologies are used to control demand. In that case, there would be a rapid shift in the electrical demand sector from fossil fuels to non-polluting forms of energy.
Another scenario, the Blueprints scenario, describes the future of energy. It combines independently documented models with assumptions on future energy intensities and incremental energy needs. The results of these models are used to create projections for world energy consumption. These projections are published by the Energy Information Administration in the International Energy Outlook.
To arrive at this forecast, researchers looked at the global energy scenario from various perspectives. They analyzed various technological developments, environmental issues, and political issues. They then applied a foresight semiquantitative method to identify the factors driving global energy demand. These factors are a mix of economic, social, and environmental factors.